International Federation for Human Rights and Human Rights League v. Persons unknown (Public Prosecutor of the Tribunal de Grande Instance of Paris filed July 15, 2013).
The French human rights organizations International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) and Human Rights League (LDH) brought this legal complaint asking for a judicial investigation into whether the NSA’s Prism program violated the prohibitions in articles 323-1, 226-18, 226-1 and 226-2 of the French Criminal Code on fraudulent access to an automated data processing system, collection of personal data by fraudulent means, willful violation of the intimacy of private life, and the use and conservation of recordings and documents obtained through such means. Although the complaint was filed against “persons unknown,” Microsoft, Yahoo!, Google, Paltalk, Facebook, AOL and Apple were named as “potential accomplices” of the NSA and FBI. More information including the complaint (in French) can be found here.
On August 28, 2013, the Paris Prosecutor’s office informed Reuters that it had launched a preliminary investigation into the allegations in the complaint in mid-July.